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About Egypt Sinai

Full Name
Arab Republic of Egypt ( Masr)
Capital City
Cairo (El Kahera)
Area
1,001,449 sq km
386,659 sq miles
Population
75,097,301

Time Zone
GMT/UTC +2 ()
Languages
Arabic (official)
Religion
94% Muslim, 6% Christian
Currency
Egyptian Pound (1 EGP= 100 piastres )
Electricity
220V 50HzHz
Electric Plug Details
European plug with two circular metal pins.

Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and by the Gaza Strip and Occupied Palestinian Territory to the east. Egypt's important strategic position lies in being a bridge between Africa and Asia.

Apart from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt's landscape is a desert. The winds blowing can create sandy dunes more than 30 m high. Egypt includes parts of the Sahar Desert nad part of the Lybian Desert.

Egypt is divided into 29 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions. The regions are then subdivided into towns and villages.

Main cities:

Cairo , Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Ismailia, Marsa Matrouh, Mansura, Port Said, Suez, Arish, Al Tor, Sharm el-Shiekh, Dahab, Nuweiba.

SINAI (Sina)

Sinai Peninsula or Sinai is a triangular peninsula which is about 60,000 km2.

It lies between the Mediterraneam Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the south, and is the only part of Egyptian territory located in Asia as opposed to Africa, effectively serving as a land bridge between the two continents. The peninsula is currently controlled by Egypt, which has divided the region into two Egyptian governorates (South Sinai and North Sinai) and contains a population of approximately 1.3 million people.

Over the past 30 years the Sinai has become a tourist destination due to its natural setting, rich coral reefs, and Quran’nic as well as Biblical history. The Gulf of Aqaba with its underwater treasures , Mount Sinai with its religious significance and magnificent Sinai desert – this is a trio attracting millions from all over the world to visit Sinai.

The original nad major population of Sinai are Bedouin who claim themselves to have their roots amongst the purest Arab genealogies. Over centuries each tribe (between 14 to 27 tribes) posses its own territory around local oases. The Mizayna tribe located between El-Tor and Nuweiba; the Tarabeen taking vast lands from Nuweiba to Al-Arish or the Jebeliya – around the St. Catherine territory...and many more scattered between the mountains and on the shores. Nowadays growing tourism industry in Siani involves a great number of Bedouin and changes their original charcter, but still keeping the language, traditional customs or common law (urf) –different from Islamic juriprudence let Sinai Bedouin be its own social group inside Egyptian society.

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Local Line: 0198418888

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